The smallest was the 2nd Life Guards (235 men in 2 squadrons) and the largest was the 3rd Hussars KGL (712 men in 4 squadrons). The Waterloo medal was issued to every officer and soldier who had taken part in the Battle of Waterloo, the Battle of Quatre Bras or the Battle of Ligny. Raised largely from émigrés from Hanover serving under German and British officers, the KGL had earned a fine reputation as fighting soldiers in Spain and southern France. Von Hacke later went as a German Legion settler to South Africa, where he served in the local forces and was again reprimanded for insubordination! Colonel McDonnell gave half the sum to Sergeant Graham, the soldier who put the gate bar in place. They never consider the situation, never think of manoeuvring before an enemy, and never keep back or provide a reserve. These regiments charged up to the French gun line on the far ridge, where they were in turn overwhelmed by French cavalry. It is said that von Hacke, well aware of the unpreparedness of his regiment, did everything during its march to the Netherlands to secure their release from active service. The British, Belgian, Dutch and German troops poured forward and the French retreat became a route. Not so the Cumberland Hussars. In 1814, twenty-five years of war came to an end with the surrender of the Emperor Napoleon and his banishment to the Mediterranean island of Elba. The standard infantry weapon across all the armies was the muzzle-loading musket. In the afternoon, after we passed Brussels, the scene of confusion, the flying of army, baggage, etc., was an awful novelty to us. The French army wore a variety of uniforms. At Waterloo, the Regiment made a number of memorable charges, sustaining losses of 56 men and 84 horses killed, and 6 officers and 93 other ranks, and 116 horses, wounded. There is little direct evidence of what the Cumberland Hussars did for most of the battle, after its late start on the morning of 18th, June. Royal Horse Guards (the Blues) in the charge at the Battle of Waterloo on 18th June 1815: picture by Christopher Clark. While the French conscript infantry moved about the battle field in fast moving columns, the British trained to fight in line. The Hanoverian Waterloo to a Trumpeter in the Cumberland Hussars – perhaps a trained soldier? The attack failed yet again. The King’s German Legion expected only to spend the night in the farm, and did not discover until the morning that they were required to hold it for the battle. The reason for the request was that though the regiment was initially brigaded with the Bremen and Verden Hussars and the Prince Regent’s Hussars under Colonel Baron von Estorff, these two units had been detached to form part of the garrison at Hal, so that the Cumberland Hussars was actually attached to the 23rd (British) Light Dragoons. Marshal Ney: Battle of Waterloo on 18th June 1815: picture by Francois Gerarda. The British cavalry commander, the Marquis of Anglesey, was horrified at the sight and immediately sent his ADC, Capt. Prussian attack on Plancenoit at the Battle of Waterloo at around 7pm on 18th June 1815: picture by Adolf Northern. Wellington consented to the enquiry on the 29th. This item will ship to United States, but the seller has not specified shipping options. Hanoverian Waterloo medals are known to members of the Cumberland Hussars. Finally, the divisional commander Major General von Kielmansegge sent his own orderly to find the Cumberland Hussars, but he failed to locate them until late that night, long after the battle had ended; this meeting like the others yielded no positive result. The British artillery on the ridge behind the farm replied, cannonading the French infantry massed for the attack on the far side of the valley. The entrance was damaged and there ensued a struggle by the British to shut the gate and by the French to force it open. Sir John Colborne brought the 52nd Foot round to outflank the French column, as it passed his brigade, fired a destructive volley into the left flank of the Chasseurs and attacked with the bayonet. Quite a number of the German regiments under Wellington were landwehr units – that is, local militias whose training was often poor and whose war experience was limited, to say the least. Horace Seymour, to order them back, but the entire regiment left the field. During the war, many regiments raised extra battalions which represented their regiment i… St Mary’s Place, Von Hacke later went as a German Legion settler to South Africa, where he served in the local forces and was again reprimanded for insubordination! The Cumberland Hussars ceased to be a coherent unit and an effective part of the Allied army in the strictest sense of the term. Sir Walter Scott obtained a plaster cast of Shaw’s skull. The Cavalry: commanded by the Earl of Uxbridge: King’s Dragoon Guards: Battle of Waterloo 18th June 1815: picture by Charles Hamilton Smith, Royal Horse Artillery:Mercer’s TroopBull’s TroopRamsey’s TroopThe Rocket Troop, Household Brigade: Major General Lord Somerset1st Life Guards2nd Life GuardsRoyal Horse GuardsKing’s Dragoon Guards, Union Brigade: Major General Sir William Ponsonby1st Royal Dragoons2nd Dragoons, Royal Scots Greys6th Inniskilling Dragoons, 3rd Cavalry Brigade: Major General Dornberg, 1st Light Dragoons, King’s German Legion2nd Light Dragoons, King’s German Legion23rd Light Dragoons (British), 4th Cavalry Brigade: Major General Sir John Vandeleur11th Light Dragoons (British)12th Light Dragoons (British)16th Light Dragoons (British), Lord Hill ordering the 13th Light Dragoons to attack at the Battle of Waterloo on 18th June 1815: picture by Harry Payne, 5th Cavalry Brigade: Major General Grant15th Hussars (British)7th Hussars (British)13th Light Dragoons (British), 6th Cavalry Brigade: Major General Sir Hussey Vivian10th Hussars (British), British Hussar Brigade attacks the French while the Duke of Wellington looks on at the Battle of Waterloo on 18th June 1815: picture by Denis Dighton, Dutch 2nd Carabinier Regiment: Battle of Waterloo on 18th June 1815, 18th Hussars (British)1st Hussars, King’s German Legion, 7th Cavalry Brigade: Colonel Ahrentschildt2nd Hussars, King’s German Legion, Netherlands Cavalry Division: commanded by Lieutenant General Baron de Collaert, Heavy Brigade: Major General Trip1st Carabinier Regiment2nd Carabinier Regiment3rd Carabinier Regiment, 1st Light Brigade: Major General Baron de Ghigny4th Light Dragoon Regiment8th Hussar Regiment, Hussar and Light Infantry of the Duke of Brunswick Oel’s Corps: Battle of Waterloo 18th June 1815: picture by Charles Hamilton Smith, 2nd Light Brigade: Major General van Merlen6th Hussar Regiment4th Light Dragoon Regiment, Brunswick Cavalry:2nd Hussar RegimentUhlans, Hannover Cavalry:Duke of Cumberland Hussar RegimentInfantry:1st Foot Guards Division: commanded by Major General Cooke, 1st Brigade: commanded by Major General Maitland2nd Battalion 1st Foot Guards3rd Battalion 1st Foot Guards, 2nd Brigade: Major General Byng2nd Battalion 2nd Coldstream Regiment of Foot Guards, Dutch Light Dragoon: Battle of Waterloo on 18th June 1815, 2nd Division: commanded by Major General Sir Henry Clinton, 3rd Brigade: commanded by Major General Adam1st Battalion 52nd Light Infantry1st Battalion 71st Highland Light Infantry2nd Battalion 95th Rifles, 1st Brigade, King’s German Legion: commanded by Colonel de Plat1st Line Battalion, King’s German Legion2nd Line Battalion, King’s German Legion3rd Line Battalion, King’s German Legion4th Line Battalion, King’s German Legion, 3rd Hannover Brigade: commanded by Colonel Halkett4 Landwehr battalions, 3rd Division: commanded by Major General Alten, 2nd Brigade, King’s German Legion: commanded by Colonel Baron Ompteda5th Line Battalion, King’s German Legion8th Line Battalion, King’s German Legion1st Light Infantry, King’s German Legion2nd Light Infantry, King’s German Legion, Capture of Count Cambronne by Colonel Hew Halkett at the Battle of Waterloo on 18th June 1815, Dutch Hussar: Battle of Waterloo on 18th June 1815, 5th Brigade: commanded by Major General Sir Colin Halkett2nd Battalion, 30th Foot1st Battalion, 33rd Foot2nd Battalion, 69th Foot2nd Battalion, 73rd Foot, 1st Hannover Brigade: commanded by Major General Kielmannsegge2 Light Infantry Battalions3 BattalionsCompany of Jaegers, 4th Division: commanded by Lieutenant General Colville, 4th Brigade: commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Mitchell1st Battalion, Royal Welch Fusiliers, 23rd Foot3rd Battalion, 14th Foot1st Battalion, 51st Light Infantry, 5th Division: commanded by Lieutenant General Sir Thomas Picton, 8th Brigade: commanded by Major General Kempt1st Battalion, 28th Foot1st Battalion, 32nd Foot1st Battalion, 79th Highlanders1st Battalion, 95th Rifles, 9th Brigade: commanded by Major General Pack2nd Battalion, 44th Foot3rd Battalion, 1st Foot, the Royal Regiment1st Battalion, 92nd Highlanders1st Battalion, 42nd Highlanders, 5th Hannover Brigade: commanded by Colonel von VinckeLandwehr Battalion HamelnLandwehr Battalion GifhornLandwehr Battalion HildesheimLandwehr Battalion Peine, 7th Queen’s Own Light Dragoons (Hussars): Battle of Waterloo 18th June 1815: picture by Charles Hamilton Smith, 6th Division: commanded by Lieutenant General Sir Lowry Cole, 10th Brigade: commanded by Major General Lambert1st Battalion, 40th Foot1st Battalion, 27th Foot1st Battalion, 4th Foot, King’s Own Royal Regiment, 4th Hannover Brigade: commanded by Colonel BestLandwehr Battalion OsterodeLandwehr Battalion MindenLandwehr Battalion LuneburgLandwehr Battalion Verden, Brunswickers: commanded by Colonel OlfermanJeager Battalion, Light Brigade:Leib Light Infantry Battalion1st Light Infantry Battalion2nd Light Infantry Battalion3rd Light Infantry Battalion, Line Brigade:1st  Line Battalion2nd Line Battalion3rd Line Battalion, Dutch Infantry Regiment: Battle of Waterloo on 18th June 1815, Nassauers: commanded by Major General von Kruse1st Battalion, 1st Line Infantry2nd Battalion, 1st Line InfantryLandwehr Infantry. As well as British hussars these can also be used as Kings German Legion and Hanoverian Hussars. The court rejected these arguments as simply untrue or as an unjust means of shifting responsibility to his fellow officers and men. The French cavalry comprised Cuirassiers, wearing heavy burnished metal breastplates and crested helmets, Dragoons, largely in green, Hussars, in the conventional uniform worn by this arm across Europe, and Chasseurs à Cheval, dressed as hussars. Hussars; from the Hungarian huszár, in Victorian times they were light cavalry, famous for elegant uniforms. Assured by Blücher that the Prussians would join him for the conclusive battle against Napoleon, Wellington, on the afternoon of 17th June 1815, halted his army to give battle to the French. In his final dispatch, Wellington praised all the German units under his direct command – as well as giving high praise to the Prussians – and did not single out any of them (including the Cumberland Hussars) for criticism. The 7th Queen's Own Hussars was a cavalry regiment in the British Army, first formed in 1689. 71st Highland Light Infantry firing the last shot of the Battle of Waterloo at 7pm on 18th June 1815 with a captured French cannon: picture by Richard Simkin, Piper Kenneth McKay of the 79th Highlanders playing around the Regiment’s square at the Battle of Waterloo on 18th June 1815; picture by Lockhart Bogle, Lord Uxbridge who lost his leg at the Battle of Waterloo on 18th June 1815, Official Bulletin in the Times newspaper dated 22nd June 1815 announcing the Battle of Waterloo fought on 18th June 1815, History of the British Army by John Fortescue Volume 10, British Battles on Land and Sea by James Grant Volume 2, The Waterloo Campaign: The German Victory by Peter Hofschröer, The Bloody Fields of Waterloo (account of the medical services at the battle and the circumstances of many individuals in the battle) by M.K.H. The time was 3pm and there was a lull in the battle, the only active fighting being the continuing attack on Hougoumont at the western end of the line, sucking in more and more of Reille’s French corps. In his defence, von Hacke mentioned the lack of forage for the horses, the weakening of the regiment as a result of casualties and its general unsteadiness and confusion during the battle. Morning of the Battle of Waterloo on 18th June 1815: the French await the Emperor Napoleon’s orders: picture by Ernest Crofts. It saw service for three centuries, including the First World War and the Second World War. Battle of Waterloo at 7pm on 18th June 1815: picture by William Sadler. At Waterloo, the 15th Hussarslost 3 officers and 25 other ranks killed, together with 42 horses, and 7 officers (including Col. Dalrymple) and 43 other ranks wounded, together with 52 horses. Equally, its members did not seem to have much faith in their commander. 13. By the time the Guard was available to carry out the attack on the ridge, Wellington had reorganised his forces, and the opportunity, that Ney had this time correctly identified, had passed. It is likely that the movements he saw were casualties or prisoners moving to the rear. Scots Greys charging at the Battle of Waterloo on 18th June 1815: picture by Thomas Seccombe. General Alten and he in turn wrote on 23rd, to both Wellington and the Duke of Cambridge, requesting a formal enquiry into the conduct of von Hacke. Map of the Battle of Waterloo at 11am on 18th June 1815: map 1 by John Fawkes, 1st Life Guards: Battle of Waterloo 18th June 1815: picture by Charles Hamilton Smith. The 18th Royal Hussars (Queen Mary's Own) was a cavalry regiment of the British Army, first formed in 1759. As early as 20th, June, General Alten wrote to the Duke of Cambridge, as military governor of Hanover, remarking on the conduct of the Hussars and criticising their commander. 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