Bison kill selected trees by eating their bark or rubbing against them to remove their thick winter fur. It is the continent’s largest land mammal, weighing as much as a tonne. A herd of wild bison is seen in the Białowieża forest, Poland. The European bison will live in a cordoned-off area of Blean Woods near Canterbury, close to the University of Kent campus. The bison have been established with the help of a Rural Enterprise Scheme grant. But fossil evidence is notoriously difficult to come by. The European bison that will be released in Kent is a descendant of this species and its closest living relative. Once the bison are settled, the public will be able to visit the area with rangers and watch the animals from viewing platforms. The European bison will be introduced to the UK for the first time outside a zoo, in a move that conservationists hope will regenerate ecosystems and help other animals and plants thrive. It’s not yet clear what is the ideal landscape composition for bison, but diet, as well as experience in Europe, suggest they will use the shade of woodland to escape intense heat, but gravitate to open glades and more extensive shrubby, grassy plains to feed. Tree felling also creates sunny clearings where native plants can thrive. Wild bison will soon be found roaming in UK woodland for the first time in 6,000 years thanks to a £1m project to restore local wildlife. Bison … Now, the UK is looking to the Steppe bison's closest relative to bring back the area's ancient woodlands -- the European bison. Ancient Steppe bison once roamed the land which would later become England. Using missing keystone species like bison to restore natural processes to habitats is the key to creating bio-abundance in our landscape.”. All our bison are part of the international breeding programme and we currently have one of the largest herds of European bison in the United Kingdom. Natural breeding will increase the size of the herd, with one calf per year the norm for each female. 5 miles North West of Melton Mowbray, Leicestershire on the outskirts of the village of Nether Broughton. European bison went extinct in the wild in 1919, but now a few thousand are back, grazing in forests and on plains in a handful of countries. Britain is one of the most nature-depleted countries in the world, despite the best efforts of conservationists. At its inception, the company manufactured both bench vices and machine vices and, in 195, launched the production of lathe … As the herd grows in size, the plan is to move some animals to other sites in the UK. This will only take a second, and certifies that: You consent to us keeping a record of your email address (if you’ve previously provided it) and that you are happy for us to email you about our products and services We … The bison will come from the Netherlands or Poland, where previous releases have proved successful, and the initial release will include one male and three females, Describing European bison as "ecosystem engineers," the, "They eat bark and create dust baths which each have benefits for many plants and animals," the trust added. But, he said, “if we absolutely had to, we would cull animals as a last resort”. The steppe bison is thought to have roamed the UK until about 6,000 years ago, when hunting and changes in habitat led to its global extinction. No bison bones have yet been found in the UK. The Wilder Blean project aims to restore the ecosystem of the area’s ancient woodlands. Paul Hadaway, from Kent Wildlife Trust, said: “The Wilder Blean project will prove that a wilder, nature-based solution is the right one to tackle the climate and nature crisis we now face. This will provide plenty of space for them, even as the herd grows, according to Smith, and normal cattle fencing is sufficient to stop them wandering further afield. Steppe bison are thought to have grazed the plains of Britain 6,000 years ago, though their ancient bones have never been found under our soil. According to reports, the release is planned for the spring of 2022 and this reintroduction process aims to secure this endangered species future. In the Netherlands, where bison projects have been running for 15 years, people walk through the areas without incident. “They’re enormous,” said Stan Smith of Kent Wildlife Trust. 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