Betula is Latin for birch and describes a genus of about 60 species of deciduous trees and shrubs found in many gardens and landscapes throughout the northern hemisphere.Betula lenta, or Sweet Birch, is a deciduous, pyramidal shaped tree, maturing into a more rounded shape that may grow 60 to 70 feet tall. The citrus fruit is a hybrid that was created as an accidental cross between the sweet orange and pomelo, which are both native to Asia and were introduced to the west in the seventeenth century. - hophornbeam Betulaceae The sweet birch {black birch} and yellow birch both have a nice wintergreen flavor in their twigs and bark. Flower and fruit: Sweet birch is monoecious. USDAFS Silvics of North America - USDAFS Forest Products Lab Betula L. (Betulaceae). A diverse array of wines are made by this producer including those from grapes Pinot Noir, Rare Rose Blend, Sangria, Chardonnay, Pinot Grigio, Flavored - Spiced - Fruit Wine, Shiraz, Rare Red Blend, Merlot, Sauvignon Blanc, and Cabernet Sauvignon. Sweet Birch Syrup Categories: Fruit Spreads, Jams > Other. The university does not review, control or take responsibility for the contents of those sites. Sweet birch Sweet birch is an attractive tree for lawns and naturalized areas, with shiny, red-brown bark and yellow foliage. Landowner Factsheet The woodsy fir scent, with citrus notes, set this fragrance a step above a regular pine scent. 100% syrup from the Birch Tree. 9). Berry Bushes . They often appear in pairs, but these pairs are really borne on spur-like, two-leaved, lateral branchlets. More Information: This site was last updated on January 5, 2021. February. Send mail to cgcass0@uky.edu with questions about this site. Graceful horizontal branches on a medium-sized tree with a rounded irregular wide-spreading crown. Flower and fruit: Sweet birch is monoecious. The wintergreen produced from sweet birch is identical to that produced by the wintergreen plant. Find the perfect Pawpaw Tree stock photos and editorial news pictures from Getty Images. External Links: For general undergraduate student information, contact Dr. Rick Durham at (859) 257-3249, or rdurham@uky.edu. Birch trees are considered to be among the oldest species of tree still living. N-318 Ag Sciences Center University of Kentucky Lexington, KY 40546-0091, Fax (Lexington): 859-257-2859       (Princeton): 270-365-2667Â, For questions about home gardening, landscaping or commercial horticulture production, please contact your county extension agent. The Birch is botanically called Betula pendula. Leaf color and fruit characteristics of sweet birch are similar to both yellow birch and paper birch. This is the one of the most popular wines from Chile. Peach Trees ... One of the very best choices, especially for colder regions, is the Black Birch, also known as the sweet birch or spice birch for the sweet smell of its bark. Apple Trees . Summer. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be 5 - 25 m (16 - 82 ft) high. It can range in color from chalky white and reddish brown to golden gray and yellow. The Black Birch, Betula nigra, however is a native and can be found in northwestern Florida. Section Betula (including the natives B. populifolia, B. papyrifera, and B. cordifolia) is widely distributed in the northern hemisphere.Section Costatae (including B. alleghaniensis, B. lenta, B. nigra, and B. uber) occurs in e. All sweet birch trees in Ontario (only about 50 mature trees) are located near the shore of Lake Ontario. In Alaska, the sap of the sweet birch (Betula lenta) is made into a syrup with a sugar content of 67%. In other words, OAS occurs because the proteins found in some fruits, vegetables, spices, and legumes are very similar to those in pollen. Around 100 saplings and young trees were needed to produce a quart of the product, which was sold to ... rsm225 - 07/23/2012 - 17:11 Summer. The Japanese monarch birch (B. maximowicziana) is a valuable timber tree of Japan, especially in the plywood industry. Research. of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation; Photos and text by: John Seiler, Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera, and John Peterson; Silvics reprinted from Ag Handbook 654; range map source information. For graduate student information, contact Dr. Doug Archbold at 859-257-3352, or darchbol@uky.edu, Sweet Birch - Betula lentaBirch Family (Betulaceae). A genus of 35-100 species of trees, shrubs, and subshrubs; of subarctic and temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Star Fruit (Carambola) A waxy, golden-yellow fruit tasting of citrus, apple, and plum, star fruit hails from Southeast Asia. Located on the banks of the world-renowned Green River few venues offer such an immersive experience. Olive Trees . With Pace Cliffs towering above the property to the north and Cove Mountain flanking the south visitors can’t help but be consumed by the feel of the canyon. Birch Bark Cup, photo by Etsy Let’s talk first about the well-know facts about Birches: Yes you can drink the sap and make syrup, beer, wine or vinegar out of it, or sugar. Sweet Birch Fruit. It is frequently misidentified as one of its parent species, pomelo. lenta L. All material © 2019 Virginia Tech Dept. Sweet birch was introduced into the landscape in 1759. Height: to 80 feet. Similarly in northern Europe the spring rise in the sap of the silver birch (Betula pendula) is tapped and collected, either to be drunk fresh or fermented into an alcoholic drink. Sweet birch is named for the sweet sap used by Native Americans for syrup production. Fruit is a winged nutlet in a 3/4- to rose hips, onion grass, bittercress, sweet birch twig, pine needle, honey locust pod, chaga fungus, carpenter ants. sweet birch Betulaceae Betula lenta L. symbol: BELE Leaf: Alternate, simple, pinnately-veined, ovate, with an acute tip and cordate base, singly or irregularly doubly, sharply serrate margins, 2 to 4 inches long, petiole is stout and pubescent, dark shiny green above, paler below. Native to the eastern United States, the tree also attracts beautiful butterflies to the landscape, serving as a caterpillar/larval host. Fig Trees . March Leaf: Alternate, simple, pinnately-veined, ovate, with an acute tip and cordate base, singly or irregularly doubly, sharply serrate margins, 2 to 4 inches long, petiole is stout and pubescent, dark shiny green above, paler below. Natural range of distribution: Pendulous male catkins are 3 to 4 inches ... to produce oil of wintergreen. Sweet Birch: Reminiscent of a day outdoors, this fragrance mimics the smell of sweet, sappy birch. Looks like: yellow birch Site design : Academic Web Pages. Citrus Trees . Betula lenta is native to North America. The tea also help rheumatic pains. The wood is widely used in the manufacture of furniture and paper while the leaves, sap, and bark of the trees are used to make medicine. It has had another interesting use. The mature fruit is made up of many tiny winged seeds that reside in the catkin, the flower of the tree. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be sandy to loamy, dry - moist. Flower and fruit: Sweet birch is monoecious. It is native to North America and is widespread in the United States, however it is considered a endangered species in Ontario. According to the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology, OAS is a pollen-food syndrome caused by cross-reacting allergens in pollen and raw fruits, vegetables, and some tree nuts. Branch of Sweet Crabapple. It has a dark brown to greyish black color. About this producer. - hornbeam Around 100 saplings and young trees were needed to produce a quart of the product, which was sold to druggists to flavor candy and medicines. the wild it may grow to heights of 80 feet. Click here, then click on your county either on the map or from the list of counties below it. Seed production begins when the tree is about 40 years old, and good seed crops occur every 1 … Flowers appear before leaves in … Betula Pendulous male catkins are 3 to 4 inches long when they mature in spring and have red-brown scales with sharp tips. Flower: Species is monoecious; preformed, green male catkins near the end of the twig, 3/4 to 1 inch long; females are upright, 1/2 to 3/4 inch long, green tinged in red, appear or elongate (males) in mid-spring. The fruit that results from pollination is a tart drupe that is sweetened and cooked for use in fruit preserves. On older trees, spur shoots are apparent. This shows the erect strobile, or fruit, of the Sweet Birch, Betula lenta (Keeler, 1915). Beautiful Backdrop. The inner bark of sweet birch has a strong wintergreen scent, which led to its use in the production of oil of wintergreen. Blends With: Virginian Cedarwood, Fir Balsam, Copaiba Balsam, Sandalwood, Spruce, and Rosewood. Oil of wintergreen is now produced synthetically. Birch is from the Old High German word birka and is related to the word “bright;” probably due to the pale bark of some birch species. Additional Range Information: Download the full-size PDF map. Pendulous male catkins are 3 to 4 inches long when they mature in spring and have red-brown scales with sharp tips. Sweet Birch is long-lived as birches go, known to reach over 250 years. An Equal Opportunity University. Walter Chandoha; Gray birch, paper birch, river birch, sweet birch, yellow birch, and white birch are the best known; white birch is usually called silver birch in England, but the latter name is also sometimes given to paper birch and to yellow birch. #FrazierFir. This species is poisonous to horses, goats, and cows. Wood - ... Sweet birch is an attractive tree with dark red, shiny bark and a spicy scent. USDA Plants Database - The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are yellow. However, there has been a lowering of demand over the past year. It is the aroma of wintergreen emanating from crushed leaves and broken twigs to which this birch owes its common name, sweet birch. Its sap can be combined with corn and fermented to make beer. Sweet birch is a medium sized tree, typically growing up to 20 meters tall. sweet birch Early Spring. Select from premium Pawpaw Tree of the highest quality. Range may be expanded by planting. Glistening smooth reddish-brown to black bark forms scaly plates on mature trees. Sweet birch (Betula lenta): This species, also known in some areas as the cherry birch, is native to the eastern U.S., especially the Appalachian region. Frazier Fir: This fragrance will remind you of a warm living room with a fragrant evergreen Christmas tree. Phonetic Spelling BET-yoo-luh LEN-ta Description. For undergraduate student information regarding the Sustainable Agriculture program, contact Dr. Krista Jacobsen at (859) 257-3921, or krista.jacobsen@uky.edu. It does not split open when ripe, maturing in the fall. Bark: Reddish brown to black on young trees, later gray to nearly black; eventually breaking up into large, thin, irregular, scaly plates. The fruit of the paper birch is small and dry. The simple leaves are alternate, singly or doubly serrate, feather-veined, petiolate and stipulate. Fall Color - Sweet birch, also commonly referred to as black birch or cherry birch, was at one time the only source of oil of wintergreen. All Fruit Trees. Also known as Malus coronaria. Form: A medium sized tree with a single straight trunk reaching up to 60 feet tall. This species is resistant to bronze birch borer (BBB). Birch species are generally small to medium-sized trees or shrubs, mostly of northern temperate and boreal climates. Aromatic Summary / Note / Strength of Aroma: Birch Sweet has a sweet, sharp, camphoraceous scent that is very fresh and similar to Wintergreen (smells like root beer), and is a strong top note. Copyright 2021, University of Kentucky, College of Agriculture, Food and Environment. Betula lenta, known by the common names of black birch, sweet birch, or cherry birch, is a native birch species present throughout much of eastern North America. It is valued for its wood, which when exposed to air darkens to resemble mahogany, as well as being a source of wintergreen oil. Female catkins are only 3/4 of an inch long, upright, with light green scales, round tips and pink styles. The leaves of sweet birch are 2½ to 5 inches long and oval-shaped with uniformly serrated edges (fig. onion grass, bittercress, rose hips, sweet birch twig, sassafras root, dandelion root, honey locust pod, turkey tail mushroom & chaga fungus (both year-round), carpenter ants. symbol: BELE NATIVE RANGE AND HABITAT Other names include black birch and cherry birch. This cross-reactivity between birch pollen and specific foods is commonly known as as pollen-food or oral allergy syndrome (OAS). In fall, its leaves turn a beautiful yellow color. Terminal buds are absent, lateral buds two toned, green and brown. - paper birch WARNING: Some websites to which these materials provide links for the convenience of users are not managed by the University of Kentucky. In the past, people who lived in the Appalachians cut down large numbers of sweet birches to produce oil of wintergreen. Fruit: Cone-like aggregate, brown, 1 to 1 1/2 inches long, scales hairless or nearly so, containing very small 2-winged nutlets, ripen and break apart in late summer and fall. Sycamore Fruit. Female catkins are only 3/4 of an inch long, upright, with light green scales, round tips and pink styles. Flowers appear before leaves in April. Betula lenta (sweet birch, also known as black birch, cherry birch, mahogany birch, or spice birch) is a species of birch native to eastern North America, from southern Maine west to southernmost Ontario, and south in the Appalachian Mountains to northern Georgia. 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