There is an ever-recurring confusion between liberty and license. The eleutheros is the full citizen who belongs to the polis, the city state, in contrast to the slave who did not enjoy full rights as a citizen. The "doulos" is the possession of his master (the master in context being personified by whatever specific sin it is that conquers him) and is obligated to do "sin's" will, They should have been bond servants of Jesus Christ (1Pe 2:!6-note, etc) but instead chose to to have "corruption" as their master. The Son of God appeared for this purpose, to destroy the works of the devil. . Comment: Human freedom that in which man was originally created, is not liberty to do wrong or to indulge oneself, but in fact is liberty to obey God. Biblical Commentary (Bible Study) 1 Peter 2:2-10 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Peter is writing to Christians in Asia Minor (modern Turkey)—new Christians—predominately Gentile Christians. Reprinted by permission. There are 17 uses of eleutheria in the NT... Romans 8:21 (note) that the creation itself also will be set free from its slavery to corruption into the freedom of the glory of the children of God. A T Robertson comments that: Paul deftly puts himself in the place of the strong brother at such a banquet who is expected to conform his conscience to that of the weak brother who makes the point about a particular piece of meat. John would counter this "soft gospel" (really a "no gospel") warning us that, Everyone who practices (present tense = habitually, as a lifestyle) sin also practices (present tense = habitually, as a lifestyle) lawlessness; and sin is lawlessness...8 the one who practices (present tense = habitually, as a lifestyle) sin is of the devil; for the devil has sinned from the beginning. A man was walking down a hill in the woods when he stepped on a little twig. 1 * Symeon Peter, a slave and apostle of Jesus Christ, to those who have received a faith of equal value to ours through the righteousness of our God and savior Jesus Christ: 2 may grace and peace be yours in abundance through knowledge * of God and of Jesus our Lord. The men refuse to bow to the Lordship of Jesus and are mastered by their fallen flesh. We should give thanks for the food and for our liberty and then express our liberty by choosing not to eat the food that offends the brother. In the most basic form, this word group related to a "free man" in contrast with a slave. They are conquered and captivated by their spiritual enemies, and yield their members servants of unrighteousness (Ro 6:13-note). The training of conscience is contemporaneous with the growth of Christian character. Long my imprisoned spirit lay 2 Peter 2:22 Commentary. Titus 2:3 (note) Older women likewise are to be reverent in their behavior, not malicious gossips, nor enslaved to much wine, teaching what is good, Comment: Expositor's Greek Testament has a pithy comment writing that "It is proved by experience that the reclamation of a woman drunkard is almost impossible.". 2 Peter 2:9-11 Commentary. the Lord Greeting. but yielding to God's way. The idea is of suffering a defeat that so that what conquers now has mastery over the defeated party. The Bible asserts the right of individuals to make their own decisions. Vine - "to announce, proclaim," has in the NT the two meanings "to profess" and "to promise," each used in the Middle Voice; "to promise" (a) of "promises" of God, Acts 7:5 ; Romans 4:21 ; in Galatians 3:19 , Passive Voice; Titus 1:2 ; Hebrews 6:13 ; 10:23 ; 11:11 ; 12:26 ; James 1:12 ; 2:5 ; 1 John 2:25 ; (b) made by men, Mark 14:11 ; 2 Peter 2:19. In short we too often fail to heed Jesus' commands to "Keep watching and praying that you may not enter into temptation; the spirit is willing, but the flesh is weak.” (Mt 26:41+), Application - Beware of the "little foxes," those temptations that seem so trivial and minimal as to easily escape our notice. 2 Peter 2:19 New International Version (NIV). The liberty spoken of in Galatians 5:1 is liberty from the Mosaic law, not liberty to do as one pleases. Are - Notice this verb is in the present tense which indicates their continual enslavement to sin, their master, a cruel master indeed! He who loves corruption rots. 2 Peter 2:14 Commentary. 8:9; 13:15; 19:1; 20:5; 30:31; 31:4, 9; 33:1; 51:7; 54:17; Jer. 1 Peter 2:19-21. Comment: The motif of bondage and freedom is central to the teaching of Paul, and it takes two forms: bondage to law and bondage to sin and death. 2 Peter 2:19 (note) promising them freedom while they themselves are slaves of corruption; for by what a man is overcome, by this he is enslaved. 2 Peter 2:17 Commentary. So let us "encourage one another day after day, as long as it is still called “Today,” so that none of you will be hardened by the deceitfulness of sin." (see link to sermon below). Only God can produce true liberty. (See further H. Schlier, TDNT II 487-92. Chuck Swindoll has an excellent illustration of the meaning of the verb eleutheria.... Back in the nineteenth century our sixteenth president realized something radical must be done about slavery in our country. 2 Peter 2:21 ... How about a commentary on the significance of “worse than” in vs. 20? You can find the best commentary on 2 Peter… In context Peter is using it to describe the "rotting" of the morals and loss of integrity that results from a slow, inexorable internal decay or as Bishop Moule phrases it men "on the way to final ruin". 2 Corinthians 3:17 Now the Lord is the Spirit; and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty. (God Tells the Man Who Cares. They probably quoted Gal 5:1 with great power among the new and unstable converts: "For freedom Christ has set us free; stand fast therefore and do not submit again to a yoke of slavery!" Comment: Here eleutheria describes the unfettered condition of the Christian soul in contrast with the Jewish condition of bondage to law. Eliminating poverty, establishing a minimum income, or raising social security will not resolve man’s problem. 2 Peter 2:22 Commentary. And it will cost you more than you ever dreamed you would pay. Too late they discover that they are prisoners of their own appetites and habits. August 21, 2012 HOW’S YOUR APPETITE? He said then, "There is a relation between thee and me, elder than either thy or my birth, if thou be the daughter of Laban (The works of Josephus Ant I, xix 5). Teachers Grace does not run in the blood, but corruption does. 9 No one who is born of God practices (present tense = habitually, as a lifestyle) sin, because His seed abides in him; and he cannot sin (present tense = habitually, as a lifestyle), because he is born of God. 2 Peter 3:17-18 Commentary. 2 Peter 2:19 "While they promise them liberty, they themselves are the servants of corruption: for of whom a man is overcome, of the same is he brought into bondage." 2Pe 3:8-10, Maturity in light of that Peter pictures these deceivers as announcing proclamations with a sense of certainty that the promise will be fulfilled. It is our job to search them out. Persius spoke to the lustful debauchees of his day of "the masters that grow up within that sickly breast of yours." For by whom a person has been overcome with the result that he is in a state of subjugation, to this one has he been enslaved with the result that he is in a state of slavery. Aristotle shows a similar scorn for slavery; for him slaves have no part in the state or true service to it. So, the readers of both letters were probably the same people. These false teachers first come as a trusted guest, linger to become an appealing host, and remain to enslave their unwitting victims! This is as natural a realm for God's child as the water is for the fish, or the air for the bird.". [⇑ See verse text ⇑] The world typically claims that "freedom" means doing whatever you want, whenever you want, and however you want. Commentaries on 2 Peter/Jude. They promise them freedom, but they themselves are slaves of corruption. Mt 15:14, “Let them alone: they be blind leaders of the blind. Hettao is used 13 times in the Septuagint (LXX) - Isa. The false teachers take the unstable souls (cf 2Pe 2:14-note) and teach how to use the letters of Paul to justify their view of sexual freedom. - but see comment below - not possible in your natural strength!) (, The techniques of false teachers are only workable with the naive, for the heretics are like a 300-pound man selling diet books— they promise . It is based on false promises, empty words that sound exciting but that have no divine authority behind them. The lectionary text for this week provides a compelling commendation to Christians to do what is right even if it brings suffering. He is out of his realm. Zondervan, Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. When the people finally began to leave their enslaved lives and make their way toward freedom? How can we be thankful to the Lord for something a Christian brother or sister is going to stumble over? These false teachers, not being saved and therefore not knowing grace, misrepresented the latter as license to sin. False Noah warned the world of God’s righteous judgment. Tragically, little changed in the daily life of our nation, even though the slaves were officially declared free. Add to cart. What is commendable is that one has submitted to God's will and that he is suffering, not because he did something wrong, but because he did something right. Slaves (1401)(doulos from deo = to bind so doulos = one bound to another) is one who is in bondage or bound to another and thus describes the horrible state of being completely controlled by "sin". 2 Grace and peace be yours in abundance through the knowledge of God and of Jesus our Lord. (Ro 6:16-note), I see a different law in the members of my body, waging war against the law of my mind, and making me a prisoner of the law of sin which is in my members. It is an abridgment of one’s personal liberty in the interest of the weak brother. And you shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free" (John 8:31, 32). God bases true liberty on the principle of grace. It will keep you longer than you ever intended to stay. Fear God. Truly, truly, I say to you, everyone who commits (present tense = habitually) sin is (present tense) the slave of sin. CHRIST IN US.But our OLD man,our old Adamic nature is made white also,BUT he answers to the dog that returns to his vomit,the sow that returns unto her mud etc.Thats y Paul said sin revived and i died,it was his oldman that revived saul but his newman was … Teachers R. De Haan II Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. I woke, the dungeon flamed with light; Galatians 5:13 For you were called to freedom, brethren; only do not turn your freedom into an opportunity for the flesh, but through love serve one another. 5:1, “with freedom did Christ set us free.” The combination of the noun with the verb stresses the completeness of the act, the aorist (or point) tense indicating both its momentary and comprehensive character; it was done once for all. But they probably neglected entirely those other teachings of Paul, "If you live according to the flesh you will die, but if by the Spirit you put to death the deeds of the body you will live" (Ro 8:13-note). In the last couple decades, the emphasis on the grace of God in the life of the believer and his liberty has swung the pendulum precariously to the left of the balance between “liberty” and “freedom”. The word is also translated “freedom” in 1 Pet. This 15 part expository study of 2 Peter was preached at Flagstaff Christian Fellowship in 2009-10. 2 Peter 3:1-6 Commentary. Socialism promises liberty but takes freedoms from the people to whom they promise it. Commentary on 2 Peter 2:17-22 (Read 2 Peter 2:17-22) The word of truth is the water of life, which refreshes the souls that receive it; but deceivers spread and promote error, and are set forth as empty, because there is no truth in them. "Therefore if the Son makes you free, you shall be free indeed" (John 8:36, NKJV). Jesus taught that, If you continue in My word, then you are truly disciples of Mine; 32 and you will know the truth, and the truth will make you free. True liberty consists only in the power of doing what we ought to will, and in not being constrained to do what we ought not to will. A profound irony of sin is evident here: the quest for freedom from God leads only to slavery to sin and self. They are may look very successful but they are not to be envied because they are "defeated" men! (Jn 8:31-37), Wuest - Strachan, commenting on the words, "while they promise them liberty," says: "Doubtless that Antinomianism (against law, thus lawlessness, not responsible to law) is indicated to which the doctrine of grace has ever been open. It says, "There are some things in them hard to understand, which the ignorant and unstable twist to their own destruction." 2 Peter 2:15-16 Commentary. 2 Peter 2:18 Commentary. Gr., used more in the sense of announcing a summons, issuing a command. TDNT (Classic Greek use) - a. 2 Peter 2:19 REV and Commentary - They promise them freedom while they themselves are slaves of corruption. :) And there is a lot of warning in these verses, but I … Sin has a way of gradually binding a person until there is no way of escape, apart from the gracious intervention of the Lord. ... Mark Dunagan Commentary on the Bible. Personal dignity consists of freedom. The deceiving (and deceived - see 2Ti 3:13-note) false teacher promise their listeners the freedom to live as they please. Spiritual liberty or spiritual bondage? It is good for you to adhere to it as a light shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the Morning Star arises in your hearts. Commentary, 1 Peter 2:19-25, (Easter 4A), Daniel G. Deffenbaugh , Preaching This Week, WorkingPreacher.org, 2011. Thomas Merton - Every man becomes the image of the man he adores. The false teachers never cease proclaiming (present tense indicates continuous action -- lie, lie, lie - that was their modus operandi!) 2 Peter 3:10 Commentary. False This begs the question - are any sins really "little?" freedom but are themselves hopelessly enslaved by depravity (Jn 8:34, 35, 36). To distinguish it from Peter’s first epistle, it was given the Greek title “Petrou B”, or 2 Peter. Please read: The “Top 10” list below is a starting point for learning about 2 Peter commentaries. PROMISING THEM FREEDOM: eleutherian autois epaggellomenoi (PAPMPN): Promising (1861) (epaggello from epi = an intensifier of the verb + aggello = to tell, declare) means to proclaim, promise, declare, announce, claim (profess). 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Go To 2 Peter Index. For a person is - Bible verse When they speak great swelling words of vanity — Propose their vain and false doctrine in a lofty style, or affect sublime strains of language, which are often void of any real meaning; they allure through the lusts of the flesh — By allowing their hearers to live in lewd courses, or to gratify some unholy desires under pretence of Christian liberty, 2 Peter 2:10; 2 Peter 2:19; those — Who, as Christians; were clean … In his first letter Peter wrote that believers are to... Act as free men, and do not use your freedom as a covering for evil, but use it as bondslaves of God. See 2 Peter 1:19-21 (printed below) Also, we have the absolutely reliable prophetic word. yourselves to God as those alive from the dead, and your members as instruments of righteousness to God. Matthew Henry sums up their sad state - Their own lusts have gotten a complete victory over them, and they are actually in bondage to them (Ro 6:16-note), making provision for the flesh (Ro 13:!4-note) to satisfy its cravings (Ed: Which are continually waging war against our soul = 1Pe 2:11-note), comply with its directions, and obey its commands. 1992, page 185), Freedom isn’t found in what Jesus can give us, but only in Jesus Himself. These teachers were offering liberty when they themselves were slaves, and the liberty they were offering was the liberty to become slaves of lust. Theocr. We will emancipate you from Victorian Christianity. And they were also called mancipia, from manu capiuntur, they are taken captive by the hand of their enemy. Commentary on 1 Peter 2:19-25 View Bible Text . Turn from that teacher. The Stoics have a broader view of service. In stark contrast the freedom Jesus Christ offers is enjoying fulfillment IN the will of God. Paul tells his people that they have indeed been called to liberty but that they must not use it for an occasion to the flesh (Galatians 5:13). Biblical Commentary (Bible Study) 1 Peter 2:19-25 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: This book includes a number of references to trials, harsh treatment, and suffering that recipients of this letter are experiencing (1:6-7; 2:18-20; 3:13-17; 4:1-4, 12-19; 5:10). They themselves (the false teachers) are unable to deliver the freedom they promise, because they themselves are (continuously enslaved to the very corruption which their followers are also trying to escape. Footnotes. Honor the king. 2 Peter 2:19. by Grant Richison | Jul 15, 1998 | 2 Peter | 2 comments. The word traveled out of the streets of Washington and down into the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia, across the back roads of the Carolinas and into Georgia, then Alabama, then Mississippi, then Louisiana, then Texas, then Arkansas, announcing what had been true for more than a thousand days. In Paul's last known written communication, explaining how the Lord's bondservant should conduct himself writes that he should do so... with gentleness correcting those who are in opposition (eg, as surely the "disciples" of such false teachers would be), if perhaps God may grant them repentance leading to the knowledge of the truth, and they may come to their senses and escape from the snare of the devil (compare the snare these false teachers had laid for their foolish audience), having been held captive by him to do his will. (Song 2:15+). Their minds and hearts are so far corrupted and depraved that they have neither power nor will to refuse the task that is imposed on them. 2 Peter 2:19 ‘promising them freedom while they themselves are slaves of corruption; for by what a man is overcome, by this he is enslaved. CHRIST IN US.But our OLD man,our old Adamic nature is made white also,BUT he answers to the dog that returns to his vomit,the sow that returns unto her mud etc.Thats y Paul said sin revived and i died,it was his oldman that revived saul but his newman was … Legalistic repression is no biblical value. The apostate ministers talk a lot about freedom, but they mean freedom from divine authority and freedom to sin. Peter often mentions Jesus’ second coming, even devoting a whole section to the “Day of the Lord” in 2nd Peter, chapter 3. Medically, loss of appetite is a usually a sign of a serious illness, possibly even impending death. These false teachers offered freedom, but it was freedom to sin as much as a man liked. The concept of a judgment according to works is considered in much of pop evangelicalism to … Continue reading "Commentary on 2 Peter 3:8-15a" 2Pe 2:1-3, Demise of Since these false teachers have denied Jesus Christ Who purchased with His own blood enslaved sinners from the power of sin (2Pe 2:1), they have in effect denied the only Source of spiritual freedom (Jn 8:31, 32, 36, Ro 8:2-note, Ga 5:1). Our victory in Christ is over death and the power of sin (1Cor 15:55, 56, 57) and frees the redeemed to achieve their greatest human potential to the glory of God. For example there is a teaching making the rounds in evangelical circles that if we are once saved we are always saved (this part of the teaching is sound) and now that we are under grace and saved forever, we can continue sinning habitually. Exhortation to Christian Virtue. Related products. Paul writing to the the saints at Rome... 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